Pengertian Jejaring Sosial
Jejaring sosial adalah struktur sosial yang terdiri dari elemen-elemen individual atau organisasi. Jejaring ini menunjukan jalan dimana mereka berhubungan karena kesamaan sosialitas, mulai dari mereka yang dikenal sehari-hari sampai dengan keluarga. Istilah ini diperkenalkan oleh profesor J.A. Barnes di tahun 1954.
Jejaring sosial adalah suatu struktur sosial yang dibentuk dari simpul-simpul (yang umumnya adalah individu atau organisasi) yang diikat dengan satu atau lebih tipe relasi spesifik seperti nilai, visi, ide, teman, keturunan, dll.

Sejarah Jejaring Sosial
Sejak komputer dapat dihubungkan satu dengan lainnya dengan adanya internet banyak upaya awal untuk mendukung jejaring sosial melalui komunikasi antar komputer.
Situs jejaring sosial diawali oleh Classmates.com pada tahun 1995 yang berfokus pada hubungan antar mantan teman sekolah dan SixDegrees.com pada tahun 1997 yang membuat ikatan tidak langsung. Dua model berbeda dari jejaring sosial yang lahir sekitar pada tahun 1999 adalah berbasiskan kepercayaan yang dikembangkan oleh Epinions.com, dan jejaring sosial yang berbasiskan pertemanan seperti yang dikembangkan oleh Uskup Jonathan yang kemudian dipakai pada beberapa situs UK regional di antara 1999 dan 2001. Inovasi meliputi tidak hanya memperlihatkan siapa berteman dengan siapa, tetapi memberikan pengguna kontrol yang lebih akan isi dan hubungan. Pada tahun 2005, suatu layanan jejaring sosial MySpace, dilaporkan lebih banyak diakses dibandingkan Google dengan Facebook, pesaing yang tumbuh dengan cepat.
Jejaring sosial mulai menjadi bagian dari strategi internet bisnis sekitar tahun 2005 ketika Yahoo meluncurkan Yahoo! 360°. Pada bulan juli 2005 News Corporation membeli MySpace, diikuti oleh ITV (UK) membeli Friends Reunited pada Desember 2005. Diperkirakan ada lebih dari 200 situs jejaring sosial menggunakan model jejaring sosial ini.

Layanan Jejaring Sosial
Banyak layanan jejaring sosial berbasiskan web yang menyediakan kumpulan cara yang beragam bagi pengguna untuk dapat berinteraksi seperti chat, messaging, email, video, chat suara, share file, blog, diskusi grup, dan lain-lain. Umumnya jejaring sosial memberikan layanan untuk membuat biodata dirinya. Pengguna dapat meng-upload foto dirinya dan dapat menjadi teman dengan pengguna lainnya. Beberapa jejaring sosial memiliki fitur tambahan seperti pembuatan grup untuk dapat saling sharing didalamnya.

sumber : ANALISIS DAN PERANCANGAN APLIKASI JEJARING SOSIAL PENJUALAN BERBASIS WEB, (Muhammad Ridwan Nawawi, Muhammad Irfani Sahnur, Dino Dwiyaksa) 2008

926 comments

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  1. irfani 7 July 2008 at 1:46 PM

    Reply

    walah, di posting tanpa izin.

    selamat anda lulus

  2. kombes.com 16 November 2008 at 2:38 AM

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  3. sasha 3 September 2009 at 1:06 PM

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    cocok nih ma skripsiku…

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  8. rana 11 January 2010 at 2:51 PM

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    minta izin copaaas dongg, buat tugas sekolaah hehehe. yayayaya? aku credit dehh

  9. helmi 22 January 2010 at 3:48 PM

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    wah, pas banget nih lagi nyari tugas sekolahan. makasih banget infonya.

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  11. face 4 June 2010 at 2:04 PM

    Reply

    heehe.ringkasan dari buku ya?tapi thx atas postingannya. bermamfaat

  12. elfi 14 June 2010 at 10:54 AM

    Reply

    ada beberapa game online yg ada pertemanan nya juga. apakah itu bisa disebut situs jejaring sosial?

  13. Arie 29 June 2010 at 8:58 PM

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  14. gaptek 3 August 2010 at 4:21 PM

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    mm….jejaring sosial yang paling tepat untuk meminta dukungan melalui online apa? terimakasih

  15. chandra 6 August 2010 at 3:12 PM

    Reply

    wah,,sesuai ne,lg nyari reference untuk pembahasan ttg social networking site nih…
    dimana ya sy bs dapetin buku ttg hal2 kyk gini..
    selama ini di toko2 buku adanya,,tutorial bkn aplikasi di facebook,nyari uang di facebook dll,yang smua sifatnya komersil,,

    I meant this is about definiton, history, evolution and technology of social networking site…can help?

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